A Biomechanical Approach to Evaluating the Severity of Head Injuries from Pediatric Patient Falls

Track: 60 Minute Podium

Session Number: 204
Date: Fri, Apr 6th, 2018
Time: 9:45 AM - 10:45 AM

Description:

Hughes, J., Maguire, S., Jones, M., Theobald, P., & Kemp, A. (2016). Biomechanical characteristics of head injuries from falls in children younger than 48 months. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101, 310-315. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306803
Ibrahim, N. G., & Margulies, S. S. (2010). Biomechanics of the toddler head during low-height falls: An anthropomorphic dummy analysis: Laboratory investigation. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 6, 57-68. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.PEDS09357
Jamerson, P. A., Graf, E., Messmer, P. R., Fields, H. W., Barton, S., Berger, A., . . . Latta, L. (2014). Inpatient falls in freestanding children's hospitals. Pediatric Nursing, 40, 127-135.
Loyd, A. M., Nightingale, R., R'Dale'Bass, C., Mertz, H. J., Frush, D., Daniel, C., . . . Myers, B. S. (2010). Pediatric head contours and inertial properties for ATD design. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 54, 167-196.
Post, A., & Hoshizaki, T. B. (2012). Mechanisms of brain impact injuries and their prediction: A review. Trauma, 14, 327-349. doi: 10.1177/1460408612446573
Session Type: Research

Session Description: We applied accident reconstruction and biomechanical engineering principles to evaluate head injury severity from pediatric patient falls. The Head Injury Criterion (HIC15) is calculated from anthropometric factors (child’s age, height and weight) and fall-related factors (fall height, floor type), and biomechanical factors (floor stiffness, contact velocity, impact force).
Primary Presenter Bio: Dr. Nancy Ryan-Wenger is a Nurse Scientist at Nationwide Children's Hospital. Her research focuses on the quality and safety of pediatric nursing care. She has developed a program of research on pediatric patient falls.
Primary Presenter Institution: Nationwide Children's Hospital
Presenter 2 Institution: Janet S. Dufek, Ph.D., FACSM
Presenter 2 Bio: Dr. Janet Dufek is a Professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, and Associate Dean, School of Allied Health Sciences, at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Her expertise in accident reconstruction and biomechanical engineering made this study possible.
Session Type: Research

Session Description: We applied accident reconstruction and biomechanical engineering principles to evaluate head injury severity from pediatric patient falls. The Head Injury Criterion (HIC15) is calculated from anthropometric factors (child’s age, height and weight) and fall-related factors (fall height, floor type), and biomechanical factors (floor stiffness, contact velocity, impact force).
Primary Presenter Bio: Dr. Nancy Ryan-Wenger is a Nurse Scientist at Nationwide Children's Hospital. Her research focuses on the quality and safety of pediatric nursing care. She has developed a program of research on pediatric patient falls.
Primary Presenter Institution: Nationwide Children's Hospital
Presenter 2 Institution: Janet S. Dufek, Ph.D., FACSM
Presenter 2 Bio: Dr. Janet Dufek is a Professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, and Associate Dean, School of Allied Health Sciences, at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Her expertise in accident reconstruction and biomechanical engineering made this study possible.