The issue of child welfare is important to pediatric nurses and to the health care of children. Essentially, it is the promotion of child well-being and the protection from harm. The efforts of the Society of Pediatric Nurses with regard to child welfare are rooted in the need to make children, and children’s health, a national priority. Children may be vulnerable for a variety of reasons and need the advocacy of adults in order to grow and thrive. The assessment of family’s resources to ensure adequate support is essential (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2016). The pediatric nurse is in the key position to identify the needs of children, assess children’s vulnerabilities, advocate for their rights, and ensure public protection.